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Back pressure may cause backflow to occur whenever a potable water system is connected to another system operating at a higher pressure. The principal causes of back pressure are:
A brownfield is typically land that is abandoned or underused in part because of contamination concerns. The federal government defines brownfields as "abandoned, idled, or underused industrial or commercial properties where expansion or redevelopment is complicated by real or perceived environmental contamination."
The term "Brownfield" might make you think of dirty, blighted, and abandoned industrial property. However, that image is too narrow. Though some brownfields are old industrial sites, others are commercial buildings with little or no environmental contamination. Brownfields could be:
When brownfields sit idle, everybody loses. Neighbors face environmental worries and reduced property values. Cities see roads, sewers, and other infrastructure underused. New businesses seek out "greenfields" or undeveloped land, encouraging sprawl. And brownfield owners must deal with a long list of worries - from potential lawsuits to deriving too little income from their property.
When owners or developers clean up brownfields and put them to new uses, many people benefit. Cleanups address environmental problems. Redevelopment can bring new jobs and higher tax revenues. Revitalized brownfields can breathe new life into neighborhoods.
Brownfields offer opportunities that go beyond their old uses. Developers have transformed brownfields into everything from golf courses and driving ranges to mixed developments with housing, office, shopping, and open space. Smaller properties have found new life as bakeries and greenhouses. In short, many uses may be open to a clean site.
Many communities, businesses and environmentalists agree that brownfield redevelopment is worth encouraging. As a result, a variety of private and public sector guidance and incentives have been developed to encourage brownfield redevelopment. Redevelopment is seldom easy or risk-free. But if done right, redevelopment can bring special rewards: peace of mind, income, and a cleaner environment.
The following items are benefits of brownfield redevelopment:
As a community member interested in a brownfield it is important for you to know and be able to discuss with potential developers and property owners the benefits to them of cleaning up and reusing a site. Some of the advantages to owners and developers are:
Many brownfield owners are satisfied with leaving their properties in their current condition. In some cases the neighborhood property values may seem too low to justify any sort of investment in the site. In other cases, the level of contamination is so slight that it seems unlikely to harm anyone. A property owner who decides to do nothing should be sure that the decision is based on a full understanding of the situation. Unfortunately, many owners may not have full information or analyze all the implications of leaving a brownfield as is. Community members may be able to convince an owner to reconsider the decision to let the property sit, but the owner may resent such an intrusion. In particular, the owner should look at possible liabilities for environmental contamination. Even potential liability can affect a business, making it harder to get credit or raise equity for projects not directly related to the brownfield.
Also, a property owner who is letting a brownfield sit idle probably should make sure that things are not about to get worse. If the site is posing a health or environmental threat to neighbors, delay could lead to bigger injuries and bigger liabilities. On a site bad enough to justify government attention, an owner who waits may be inviting cleanup on expensive terms dictated by the government, possibly with years spent with attorneys arguing over the process. In such a situation both the owner and the community may lose as the cleanup is likely to take longer, be more expensive, and not be coordinated with redevelopment options. Even when cleanup appears to be a losing proposition, prompt cleanup may make sense as a way for an owner to cut losses.
Federal, state, and local governments provide incentives for brownfield cleanup and redevelopment. Some of these incentives are provided directly to communities and local governments. Certain incentives are offered only to property owners. They include:
Beaverton brownfields grant agreement on City Council agenda, The Oregonian, October 14, 2013
Beaverton received $400,000 from U.S. Environmental Protection Agency for contamination assessment, The Oregonian, May 9, 2013
Bill aims to redevelop contaminated sites in Oregon, www.opb.org, April 2, 2013
White House official, local leaders talk partnerships at revitalization forum, Valley Times, February 15, 2013
Building OfficialCity of BeavertonPO Box 4755Beaverton, OR 97076-4755
The above referenced code also states “A person owning land abutting any public right of way hereby is declared liable for any and all claims of personal injury or property damage that may arise from the person’s negligence in failing to keep a sidewalk, curb, or gutter in such repair as to not present an unreasonable risk of danger to person or property.”
Note: Typical building codes used in the State since 1960 have had a requirement that the foundation sole plate be anchored to the foundation by ½ - inch diameter bolts space six-feet apart along the foundation wall. Depending on the type of floor construction, you may not be able to see if these bolts exist (especially in a ‘post and beam’ type floor system where the sub-floor boards or plywood are nailed directly to the sole plate, covering the top of the bolt and nut). See Structural Mitigation for information on anchorage foundations and other earthquake retrofit information.
For ledger board attachment, see page12 (figures 5, 6 and 7). For lateral load connection of deck joists to floor joists, see page13 (figure 6a). Attachment of the ledger board is the most important (even to ensure the ledger won’t dislodge during normal use from people standing, sitting and walking on the deck). It is very important to make sure to add lag screws or bolts to the connection if it has only been attached with nails.
For cross bracing of posts, see page 17.
For connections of joist, beams and posts, see pages 18-20. Home improvement stores usually carry an assortment of metal straps, ties, hangers, ties, bolts and lag screws referenced in the document.
View more information on the job application process.
The selection process includes the submission of a completed application and interviews. Because the Human Resources Department evaluates a large volume of applications, the process may at times seem long. The objective is to determine which applicants are best suited to perform the job.
When the Human Resources Department receives applications for a vacancy, we select those candidates whose backgrounds most closely fit the needs of the job and the city. These candidates’ applications are forwarded to the hiring manager for interview selection.
Initial interviews are generally in a panel format. If you need accommodations for the interview process, please notify us at the time the interview is scheduled.
Applications will remain on file for six months. If you have applied for a position that is currently open, we will notify you regarding the status of your application.
Employees hired into represented classifications must become and remain a member of the designated union for the classification, paying the dues as specified by the union or pay a fair share of the union’s costs of negotiation and administration of the contract as specified in the pertinent labor agreement.
The Classification Listing indicates which positions are represented by the SEIU or the Beaverton Police Association.
The City of Beaverton participates in the Public Employees Retirement System (PERS) and pays both the employer and employee contributions. Employees have the opportunity to participate in a separate deferred compensation program.
Employees may participate in a medical and/or dependent-care flexible spending account. The city also provides a paid time-off program, as well as 10 paid holidays as part of the benefits offered.
For additional information, please visit our Employee Benefits page.
It is important that you wait to formulate your opinion about the verdict until the deliberations begin in the jury room. To avoid arguments in the jury room, listen to everyone’s opinion, make your own decision, and vote as your intellect and conscience dictate.
Analysis of calls for service provides an unfiltered view of what crimes are being reported to police, and with automated dispatch systems, the data is much more current. Police reports provide much greater information about the details of criminal activity, but not all reports are entered and available for analysis immediately.
Our Apartment Calls for Service page provides information for those interested in evaluating local apartment complexes, and further analysis of police reports. Other sources of crime analysis may focus on arrests or on the number of reported crimes cleared by the arrest of a suspect, criminal convictions, or sentences rendered.
Using maps that help people visualize the geographic aspects of crime, however, is not limited to law enforcement personnel. Mapping can provide specific information on crime and criminal behavior to elected officials, the media, and the community.
General creek maintenance is the responsibility of the abutting property owners. The City has minimal maintenance areas on the creeks.
However, you still have the following options available for composting your plants, fruit and vegetable scraps, egg shells, coffee grounds, filters and tea bags at home:
Many shipping stores will accept clean packaging peanuts for reuse. Visit Metro’s Find A Recycler to find a location near you.
Watch this video to see one way plastic bags are recycled.
The City Engineer may approve early grading permits outside of the above months if circumstances warrant and all other required items are completed. The City will not be approving the proposed grading as to the final plans, but only that the early grading meets City Code and the technical standards of the Engineering Design Manual. Obtaining an early grading permit is done at your own risk, and any changes required to the final plans and project during the full site development permit review process will be at the your expense.
Examples of temporary events not requiring permits if matching exemption criteria:
Bench Probation is used when the sentencing Judge decides to supervises the defendant. Bench probation is most often, but not always, used in misdemeanor cases.
The Judge can also refer the person to services based on his or her problems and needs. Common services include drug and alcohol treatment, counseling, or education. If the offender does not agree to accept a sanction, there will be a hearing before the Court.
If an offender is not reporting, the Judge may also issue a warrant for the offender’s arrest.
If the offender is committing a crime - Call 911 If you think you or someone else is in danger - Call 911